A Furnished Holiday Let (FHL) is a property that must meet strict HMRC rules for beneficial tax treatment.
Ownership of a holiday home can have many benefits, both personal and financial.
When let out it provides an income which exceeds what would be possible from an equivalent buy to let. There’s the opportunity for you to enjoy holidays there while the letting income pays for the running and upkeep.
To benefit from the available tax advantages the rental property needs to qualify as a Furnished Holiday Let (FHL), as defined by HMRC.
Here we look at the basic points needed to meet this criteria.
Your holiday let property needs to be located in the UK or European Economic Area (EEA). There’s no specific HMRC conditions on the type or style of property.
Making a profit £££
The property must be let out to paying guests with the aim of making a profit. It is the intent that is most important here rather than the actual outcome.
However, we are sure that you do wish to receive a good income from your holiday let to support it’s upkeep and the mortgage payments. Having a letting agent onboard can help here with proof that the property has been correctly marketed and promoted as available.
Your holiday home will need to be fully furnished to a good standard and ready to accept guests. There are no specifics explaining how much of the furnishings or type you need to qualify as Furnished Holiday Let (FHL). You will be expected to provide all items and facilities that a guest expects to have for a stay in a serviced accommodation property.
Some of these capital costs will be an allowable expense so keep the receipts and check with your tax adviser.
Availability and occupancy
Here we get into some of the finer detail.
For an existing FHL these rules apply for the tax year. For a new FHL they apply to the first 12 months from when the letting began.
Availability – The property must be available for letting as a furnished holiday let accommodation for at least 210 days in the year. (Ignore days when you are staying at the property)
Letting – You must actually let the property to paying guests for at least 105 days in the year out of the 210 days it was available.
Duration – Generally speaking only lets of 31 days continuous duration or less qualify. If lets of more than 31 days do occur there should not be more than 155 days of this type of longer term occupation each year.
This is only applicable if you own more than one qualifying furnished holiday let property.
If on occasion one of your lets does not meet the letting condition of 105 days then you can elect to apply some averaging across your holiday let portfolio for that tax year. This should only happen after discussions with your tax adviser.
Don’t let this one catch you out!
If your property is in England and available to let for short periods that total 140 days or more per year, it will be rated as a self-catering property and valued for business rates instead of council tax.
If your property is in Wales it will be rated as a self-catering property and valued for business rates if it’s both:
- available to let for short periods that total 140 days or more per year
- actually let for 70 days
There are different rules in Scotland.
These are arguably the main reasons why you would want a qualifying furnished holiday let.
- You can fully offset any holiday let mortgage interest costs against the rental income, reducing personal income tax
- You can claim Capital Gains Tax reliefs such as Business Asset Rollover Relief, Entrepreneurs Relief
- You can claim capital allowances for items such as furniture, equipment and fixtures
- Any profits from the FHL can be counted as earnings for pension contributions
You may like to visit our Furnished Holiday Let Tax page which provides more in depth facts about the tax aspects.
This information does not constitute advice or recommendation. Please speak with your professional advisers before taking any action. The information is believed to be correct at the time of publishing.
Is Airbnb a furnished holiday let?
An Airbnb property could qualify as long as it meets the HMRC furnished holiday let rules like all other properties.
Do I need special furnished holiday let insurance?
We would always recommend you get the correct insurance for each property that you own and this will differ depending on the usage. Yes there is specific insurance available for holiday lets that recognise there will be some void periods and lots of different people staying over the course of a year.
Can I stay in my holiday let?
Yes of course, this is one of the perks!
But remember you must actually let the property to paying guests for at least 105 days in the year out of the 210 days it was available.
Does a FHL require a special mortgage?
Yes it does.
You will need a holiday let mortgage if the property is run as a FHL. A buy to let mortgage is not suitable as it is designed for long term lets. A second home mortgage or holiday home mortgage is not suitable as these generally only allow occasional letting which means you won’t qualify for FHL status with HMRC.
- About the Author
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Mark has worked in financial services since 1995, initially as a Financial Adviser and then a Compliance Officer.
He has been a Senior Holiday Let Mortgage specialist at Drake Mortgages since 2001. He is often quoted on lenders websites and can be found in the press, talking about holiday let and available finance.
Speak to an expert about HOLIDAY LET mortgages
We have been helping clients with their holiday lets since 2006 and our brokers have the widest possible experience in this sector. A holiday cottage mortgage will allow you to purchase a property that will be let out to paying holidaymakers, whilst also allowing you to personally use it as a holiday home each year.
Every one of our clients has a unique need and our brokers love a challenge. So, even if your situation is not ‘the norm’, we can usually help.
Call 020 8301 7930 to start your journey with us.